The Passage Out of Egypt, Part 1 (The Covenant & the Cross #67)

Today’s passage of Scripture is Exodus 14:5-8 which reads: “And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us? And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with him: And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them. And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high hand.”

Today’s quote about the Bible is from A. W. Tozer. He said: “The Bible is the written word of God, and because it is written it is confined and limited by the necessities of ink and paper and leather. The Voice of God, however, is alive and free as the sovereign God is free. ‘The words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.’ The life is in the speaking words. God’s word in the Bible can have power only because it corresponds to God’s Word in the universe. It is the present Voice which makes the written word powerful. Otherwise it would lie locked in slumber within the covers of a book.”

Our topic for today is titled “The Passage Out of Egypt (Part 1)” from the book, “The Promise and the Blessing” by Dr. Michael A. Harbin.

It would take some time for a large number of people to gather out of their houses to join with their leader and to begin heading east. They camped at Etham, a spot otherwise unknown. Then they moved out, changing direction so that they arrived on the shores of the Red Sea, where they again camped. These events likely took about a week (the time of the period of unleavened bread). It gave time for Pharaoh’s spies to observe that the people were “wandering around the land in confusion” and for him to gather his troops to pursue them.

One of the points of controversy concerning the Exodus relates to the path the newly released nation followed. Traditionally it has been thought that the nation traveled southeast to the shores of the Red Sea, where they camped until Pharaoh’s army approached. As we read the text, we note that at that point Moses raised his staff, a strong wind arose out of the east, dividing the waters, and the people passed through. After the people had crossed, Moses stretched his staff over the sea again, the wind stopped, and the sea drowned the army. Clearly, this calls for a major dose of the “miraculous”—something that has been disputed.


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