Making a Nation Out of a Mob, Part 1 (The Covenant & the Cross #72)

Today’s passage of Scripture is Exodus 24:1-4 which reads: “And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the Lord, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off. And Moses alone shall come near the Lord: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him. And Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the Lord hath said will we do. And Moses wrote all the words of the Lord, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.”

Today’s quote about the Bible is from Martha Kilpatrick. She said: “To understand the Book in real perception, it’s necessary to know the Author before you read His Book. To truly KNOW Jesus as He is, we MUST know Him in experience.”

Our topic for today is titled “Making a Nation Out of a Mob (Part 1)” from the book, “The Promise and the Blessing” by Dr. Michael A. Harbin.

At Mount Sinai, God gave the Israelites an organizational structure through Moses. Commonly called “the law,” this was in reality a socioeconomic-judicial-political-religious system that covered all areas of relationship within the nation. In addition, God provided and organized religion for the first time, giving the nation a tabernacle, a sacrificial system, a priesthood, and a religious calendar.

Several scholars have analyzed international treaties from the third millennium to the middle of the first millennium BCE and have observed that there were two standard types: parity treaties and suzerain-vassal treaties. Both of these had standard formal structures that differed for different periods of history. Based on this knowledge, it is commonly accepted that what we are looking at here is a suzerain-vassal covenant or treaty. God is setting Himself up as the suzerain or sovereign exercising political control over the nation, the vassal. In this light, the Law expresses a national relationship between Israel and its political leader.

The last part of this section tells how the nation ratified the covenant as Moses and seventy-three other leaders of the nation went up on the mountain with God. They had a celebratory dinner and offered sacrifices. After the sacrifices, Moses told the people, “This is the blood of the covenant that the LORD has made with you in accordance with all these words.”


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